Negative Externalities of Modern Development: The Continuing Relevance of Gopinath Mohanty’s Paraja

Sarbani Mohapatra

Abstract


The land for an indigenous community is a significant part of their collective consciousness. However, the economic model of growth that India adopted post-independence did not accommodate the idea of tribal territorial sovereignty. Ill-conceived industrial policy coupled with failure of land reforms in most parts of the country displaced these peoples, severing the primordial links they had with their land. This paper would undertake a study of issues like legislative nomenclature for tribal groups, their subjection to structures of marginalisation and environmental cost shifting as the contemporary backdrop against which Gopinath Mohanty’s novel Paraja can be read. Paraja posits the inalienable autochthonous identity of a tribe rendered vulnerable to the logic of postcolonial capitalism. The paper seeks to explore the role played by the novel in articulating the worldview of an indigenous community. The mythical universe of the Parajas would be studied vis-à-vis Levi-Strauss’s structuralist discourse on myths. A modern state’s phallocentric gaze upon native land and resources would be addressed in conjunction with the ideas of bioregionalism and ecological nationalism.

Keywords: autochthonous identity, environmental cost shifting, postcolonial capitalism, myths, bioregionalism, ecological nationalism


Full Text:

PDF

References


Berberoglu, Berch. Political Sociology in a Global Era: An Introduction to the State and Society. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print.

Chauhan, Vibha S. “Crystallizing protest into Movement Adivasi Community in History, Society and Literature”. Indigeneity: Culture and Representation. Eds. G.N Devy, Geoffrey V. Davis, K.K Chakravarty. New Delhi: Orient BlackSwan, 2009. Print.

Choudhury, Chandrahas.“Book Review: The Dynasty of the Immortals by Gopinath Mohanty”. Livemint.Web.7 October 2016. https://www.livemint.com/Leisure/f8tZv65GRHec4VcOCm56SJ/Book-review-The-Dynasty- Of-The-Immortals-by-Gopinath-Mohant.html.

Conley, Verena Andermatt. “Helene Cixous: the Language of Flowers”. Ecopolitics: the Environment in Post-Structuralist Thought. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. Print.

Devy, G.N. Introduction. Indigeneity: Culture and Representation. Eds. G.N Devy, Geoffrey V. Davis, K.K Chakravarty. New Delhi: Orient BlackSwan, 2009. Print.

Eriksen, Thomas. “Ethnicity and Nationalism”. Nations and Nationalism: A Reader. Ed. Philip Spencer and Howard Wollman. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005. Print.

Lopez, Barry. “Reclaiming Place: Seeking an Authentic Ground for Being”. Main Currents in Western Environmental Thought. Ed. P.R Hay. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2002. Print.

Guha, Ramachandra. “Adivasis, Naxalites, and Indian Democracy”. Economic and Political Weekly. Web. 11 August 2007. https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/unacknowledged- victims/265069

Levi-Strauss, Claude. “Structuralism and Ecology”. Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory. New York: Basic Books, 1963. Print.

-, “The Structural Study of Myth”. In Structural Anthropology. New York: Basic Books, 1963. Print.

Mahapatra, Sitakant. “Celebration of Life”. The Tangled Web: Tribal Life and Culture of Orissa. Bhubaneswar: Orissa Sahitya Academy, 1993. Print.

Mohanty, Gopinath. Paraja. Translated by Bikram K. Das. New Delhi: Oxford India, 1987. Print.

Salve, Prachi. “Tribals Account for a Third of Communities Displaced by Large Projects”. IndiaSpend. Web. 17 June, 2014. http://archive.indiaspend.com/cover-story/tribals-account-for-a-third-of- communities-displaced-by-large-projects-11821

Sivaramakrishnan, K., Cederlof, Gunnel. Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods and Identities in South Asia. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 2005. Print.

Snyder, Gary. “Language Goes Two Ways”. Green Studies Reader: From Romanticism to Ecocriticism. Ed. Coupe, Laurence. London and New York: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Verrier, Elwin. “Elwin for Tomorrow” The Oxford India Elwin Selected Writings. Ed. G.N. Devy. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.

Visvanathan, Shiv. “The Tribal World and Imagination of the Future”. India Together. Web. 14 November 2016. http://www.indiatogether.org/verrier-society


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.